By Dqfn13 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Pilgim fathers in the Netherlands

Did you know that the Pilgrim Fathers spend some time in the Netherlands in the city of Leiden?

These Separatists or English Dissenters were religious refugees who had fled England to Amsterdam in 1608 and moved to Leiden in 1609. They bought a lot of land at the Pieterskerk and built 21 houses. They lived and worked in that city for about 12 to 20 years. However, they often lived in poor conditions. That’s why they spared to buy a shoemaker, who they called Speedwell, which took them to Southampton. However, the boat did not prove to be seaworthy, and in 1620 some of them chose to leave for America with the “Mayflower” from Southhampton. The “Mayflower” undertook the famous voyage to New England in 1620.

There were 102 people aboard, of which 41 pilgrims. After sixty days, Mayflower came to Cape God in Massachusetts. In 1632 the last pilgrims left Leiden to that country.

By Dqfn13 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

But they did not leave all. Some died in Leiden, as well as their leader John Robinson. He was buried in the Pieterskerk after his death and in the case of the church there is still a plaque for him. Most other pilgrims who died in Leiden were buried in or around the Pieterskerk.  The first pilgrims from Leiden were: Isaac Allerton, John Allerton, William Bradford, William Brewster, John Carver, James Chilton, Francis Cooke, Humility Cooper, John Crackstone, Moses Fletcher, Edward Fuller, Samuel Fuller, William Holbeck, John Hooke, Desire Minter, Degory Priest, Thomas Rogers, Edward Tilley, Thomas Tinker, John Turner, Thomas Williams and Edward Winslow.  Several boats were used to transport the group of English from Leiden to America, the Speedwell (departed from Delfshaven, Passengers switched to Mayflower) (1620), Fortune (1621), Anne and Little James (1623) and the second Mayflower (1629).  On the last boat were Thomas Blossom and his family.

Thanksgiving Day

In the 19th century the colonists’ first harvest festival after their arrival at Plymouth Colony was identified as the origin of the annual Thanksgiving celebration in the United States. It was shaped after the Leids Ontzet festival that is annually celebrated in Leiden at October 3rd with a thanksgiving ceremony in the Church and a shared meal.

In the footsteps of the Pilgrim fathers

Even now there are some interesting locations in the Netherlands you can visit

By Herenld (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

  • Leiden American Pilgrim Museum (above) – located in a house of the 16th century

Link to museum website

See page for author [CC BY-SA 2.5 nl (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5/nl/deed.en)], via Wikimedia Commons

  • Pieterskerk Leiden (above)

By Jvhertum (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

  • The remains of the Vrouwekerk Leiden (above)

By F.Eveleens (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

  • Old or Pilgrim fathers church (above) in Delfshaven (Rotterdam)

Link to church website

Source: Tulips in Holland
Photo credits: Wiki Commons

Weekly flower update
Do you want to receive the weekly flower update? Sign up here.
Hotels by Booking.com
Booking.com

Sign up for our Tulips in Holland newsletter!

LogoIf you enjoyed this article, please join Tulips in Holland on FacebookTwitter or Instagram. Never miss a flower update by signing up for our free newsletter.

And we would really love it if you can share this article by using the social media buttons below. Thank you for your support!

Quick links: TicketsHotelsFlights – F.A.Q.

weekly flower update 2019 week 13
Weekly Flower update 2019 - week 13 A very good morning from The Netherlands to…
Weekly Flower update 2019 week 12
Weekly Flower update 2019 - week 12 Thank you so much for all your lovely…
flower field etiquette
Flower field etiquette
Flower field etiquette: Enjoy the flowers. Respect our pride. A beautiful field in front of you…
Weekly Flower update 2019 – week 11
Weekly Flower update 2019 - week 11 Good morning from Amsterdam! Are you ready for…
Flower shows, activities events at Keukenhof 2019
Flower shows, activities & events at Keukenhof 2019
Flower Shows & Activities at Keukenhof 2019 Are you planning a visit to Keukenhof in…
keukenhof map 2019
Keukenhof Map 2019
Map Keukenhof The map Keukenhof 2019 is available. When you are not a regular visitor,…
Weekly flower update 2019 – week 10
Weekly Flower update 2019 - week 10 A warm welcome to all new and current…
best place to stay near the tulips in holland 2019 edition
Best place to stay near the tulips in Holland
Best places to stay near the tulips in Holland (2019 edition) When traveling to the…
Things to do January 2019
Things to do January 2019
Things to do January 2019 What are the interesting things to do in January 2019?…
Rembrandt and the Golden ages
Rembrandt and the Golden ages
Rembrandt and the Golden ages Every year Dutch tourism society will pick a theme to…